Category Archives: Pakistan Economy

PAKISTAN: Why Deficit Financing has not worked and Alternative Strategies

Courtesy: VISION21

By, Afreen Baig

The World financial crisis of 2008 – 2010, exposed the weaknesses in the several of the first world economies, which were earlier considered to be the paradigm of economic success. Failure of the banking system, collapse of sub-prime mortgage business, ascending debt-to-GDP ratio, unpredictable unemployment and bankruptcies declared by several established businesses, raised serious doubts regarding the foundations of those economies.

Pakistan and most of the Middle Eastern economies have remained safe from the domino effect of the world financial crises, both for entirely separate reasons. The problems confronting Pakistan’s economy are due to economic mismanagement, living in quandary regarding policies, misplacement of priorities and corruption – not worldwide recession.

While the first world countries continue to have the resources and finances to deficit finance their economies out of recession, to push start the cycle and to increase the aggregate demand – third world and smaller economies like Pakistan have few viable options to exercise, these options being more functional and realistic. 

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Filed under Pakistan Economy, World Economy

Economic Indicators 1999-2009

Updated June 2010!

 

Compiled by: Mirza Rohail B and Afreen Baig

 

Pak Economy in 1999 was: $ 75 billion (Source)
Pak Economy in 2007 is: $ 160 billion (Source) and (Source)
Pak Economy in 2008 is: $ 170 billion (Source) and (Source)

GDP Growth in 1999: 3.1 % (Source)

GDP Growth in 2005: 8.4 % (Source)

GDP Growth in 2007: 7 % (Source) and (Source)

GDP Growth in 2009: 2 % (Source) and (Source)

 

GDP Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) in 1999: $ 270 billion (Source)
GDP Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) in 2007: $ 475.5 billion (
Source)
GDP Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) in 2008: $ 504.3 billion (
Source)

 

GDP per Capita Income in 1999: $ 450 (Source)
GDP per Capita Income in 2007: $ 926
(Source)

GDP per Capita Income in 2008: $1085 (Source)

 

Pak revenue collection 1999: Rs. 305 billion (Source)
Pak revenue collection 2007: Rs. 708 billion (
Source) and (Source)

Pak revenue collection 2008: Rs. 990 billion (Source)

Pak revenue collection 2009: Rs. 1150 billion (Source) and (Source)

 

Pak Foreign reserves in 1999: $ 1.96 billion (Source)
Pak Foreign reserves in 2007: $ 16.4 billion (
Source) and (Source)

Pak Foreign reserves in 2008: $ 8.89 billion (Source)

Pak Foreign reserves in 2009: $ 14.3 billion (Source)

 

Pak Exports in 1999: $ 8 billion (Source) and (Source)
Pak Exports in 2007: $ 18.5 billion (
Source)

Pak Exports in 2008: $ 19.22 billion (Source) and (Source)

Pak Exports in 2009: $ 17.78 billion (Source) & (Source) & (Source)

 

Textile Exports in 1999: $ 5.5 billion
Textile Exports in 2007: $ 11.2 billion (
Source)

 

KHI stock exchange 1999: $ 5 billion at 700 points
KHI stock exchange 2007: $ 75 billion at 14,000 points (
Source)
KHI stock exchange 2008: $ 46 billion at 9,300 points (
Source) and $ 20 billion at 4,972 points (Source)

KHI stock exchange 2009: $ 26.5 billion (Source) at 9,000 points (Source)

 

Foreign Investment in 1999: $ 301 million (Source)
Foreign Investment in 2007: $ 8.4 billion (
Source)

Foreign Investment in 2008: $ 5.19 billion (Source)

 

Large Scale Manufacturing (LSM) in 1999: 1.5% ( Source)

Large Scale Manufacturing (LSM) in 2005: 19.9% (Source)

Large Scale Manufacturing (LSM) in 2007: 8.6% (Source)

Large Scale Manufacturing (LSM) in 2008: 4.8%  (Source)

Large Scale Manufacturing (LSM) in 2009: (-8.2 %) (Source)

 

Debt (External Debt & Liabilities) in 1988: $ 18 billion

Debt (External Debt & Liabilities) in 1999: $ 39 billion (Source)  (Source)  (Source)

Debt (External Debt & Liabilities) in 2007: $ 40.5 billion (Source) and (Source)

Debt (External Debt & Liabilities) in 2009: $ 52 billion (Source) & (Source)

 

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Filed under Industrial sector, Investment, Musharraf Era, Pakistan Economy, Statistics & Indicators, Textile

The Realistic Prospects for Investment in Pakistan

Courtesy: VISION21

By, Afreen Baig

Budget 2010-11 has come with many promises to reform the economy. The government has set forth few objectives for it to achieve. The 7th objective is a resolve to make the country ‘fertile for investment’, with whatever limited resources available.

If an economy runs towards economic imbalance, stagnation or recession, or if one has to kick start a new economy, there are two main options any government has. First, the government along-with the Central bank pledges to pump in direct money to start the circulation cycle. Recent examples of this are the US government’s pledge for the ‘rescue package’ worth roughly $12 trillion towards the economy. Similarly UK government spent nearly a trillion Pound to bail out and refinance its bank through ‘Quantitative Easing’. Likewise, Japan also launched above $350 billion stimulus packages, to lift its economy out of the recent recession and over the past decade of its economic stagflation it has taken several such smaller initiatives to stimulate the economy. All these measure will fall under what is termed as Keynesian thesis after J M Keynes. Alternatively, one may call these Deficit financing. The idea is that the government uses its resources to increase consumption and liquidity which in turn increases demand and economic activity resulting in increased jobs and employment.

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Filed under Investment, Pakistan Economy

JF-17 Thunder

November 23, 2009

Watch Video

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan on Monday formally joined the international community of fighter aircraft manufacturers as JF 17 Thunder, the first ever multi role state of the art rolled out of Pakistan Aeronautical Complex, Kamra and was included to the fleet of Pakistan Air Force. Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani was the chief guest at the ceremony that marked a milestone in the Sino Pak joint venture in air defence system. Senate Chairman Farooq H. Naik, Federal Minister for Information Qamar Zaman Kaira, Defence Minister Ch Ahmed Mukhtar, Chinese ambassador to Pakistan Luo Zhaohui, Pakistan’s ambassador to China Masood Khan and three services chiefs attended the ceremony.

The sophisticated JF 17 Thunder, painted green in the colour scheme of national flag appeared with grandeur as the Prime Minister unveiled the fighter jet before the audience. Manufactured with the cooperation of China, the event has been termed as a beginning of new era of Pak China friendship. Addressing a select gathering of local and foreign dignitaries and PAF officials, the Prime Minister said the goals of progress and prosperity could not be achieved without achieving self reliance in the defence production.

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Filed under Defense Industry, Industrial sector, Pakistan Economy

Data: Board of Investment

Foreign Investment:  boi

 

2001-02: $475 million

2002-03: $820 million

2003-04: $922 million

2004-05: $ 1.677 billion

2005-06: $ 3.872 billion
2006-07: $ 8.417 billion
2007-08: $ 5.193 billion

 

Exports – Imports = Trade deficit/surplus 

 

2001-02: $ 9.13 bn — $10.34 bn = $1.2 billion

2002-03: $11.16 bn — $12.22 bn = $1.06 billion

2003-04: $12.31 bn — $15.59 bn = $3.28 billion

2004-05: $14.39 bn — $20.6 bn = $6.21 billion

2005-06: $16.47 bn — $28.58 bn = $12.11 billion

2006-07: $17.01 bn — $30.54 bn = $13.53 billion

2007-08: $19.22 bn — $39.96 bn = $ 20.74 billion

 

 

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Filed under Investment, Pakistan Economy, Statistics & Indicators

Communication Industry

Compiled by: Mirza Rohail B

Pakistan is on the verge of Telecom revolution. Pakistan Telecommunications Authority (PTA) in 2004 introduced  two types of license for ISPs – regional and nationwide, and also exempted them from Central Excise Duty. Since liberalization, over the past four years, the Pakistani telecom sector has attracted more than $9 billion in foreign investments. During 2007-08, the Pakistani Communication sector alone received $ 1.62 billion in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) – about 30% of the country’s total foreign direct investment. 

telecom-national-exchequer

By March 2009, Pakistan had 91 million mobile subscribers – 25 million more subscribers than reported in the same period 2008. In addition to 3.1 million fixed lines, while as many as 2.4 million are using Wireless Local Loop connections.

Pakistan is ranked 4th in terms of broadband Internet growth in the world, as the subscriber base of broadband Internet has been increasing rapidly with the total base crossing 170,000 in the country. The rankings are released by Point Topic Global broadband analysis, a global research centre.

Pakistan according to PC World was amongst those top five countries with the highest SMS traffic processed with 763 million SMS during 2008-09. In terms of year-on-year growth, Pakistan traffic volume grew by 253 percent compared to last year during the same period.

The contribution of telecom sector to the national exchequer increased to Rs 110 billion in the year 2007-08 on account of general sales tax, activation charges and other steps as compared to Rs 100 billion in the year 2006-07.

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Filed under Industrial sector, Investment, Pakistan Economy, Telecom and I.T Industry

IT Industry overview

The IT and IT-enabled Services (ITeS) marketplace offers lucrative opportunities for developing countries to join the  ranks of the developed world. The scale and pace of growth in this sector is faster than in any other industry, and a number of developing countries are attempting to emulate the success enjoyed by countries such as China, Thailand and India.

Future IT Tower KHI

Future IT Tower KHI

The Government of Pakistan has been proactively developing the IT sector in Pakistan since the last few years. A few of the incentives offered include tax exemption till 2016, establishment of IT Parks with low rent, foreign ownership of equity invested in IT and 100% repatriation of profit allowed to IT companies.

State Bank Reporting Earnings Estimated Total IT Industry Export Revenue
Estimated Total IT Industry Size
US$ 116m US$ 1.4b US$ 2.8b

 

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Filed under Pakistan Economy, Telecom and I.T Industry