Tag Archives: India

Foreign Reserves Phenomenon: Shaukat Aziz versus PPP

Written By: Afreen Baig



Foreign Reserves – a significant economic indicator and of vital importance to every expanding economy. Foreign Reserves is the first and basic economic indicator that transmits an air of confidence and trust, amongst the potential foreign & local investors and the nation. Foreign Reserves are held in abundance and accumulated – in order to sustain the confidence of a country’s capacity to carry out external trade confidently, to balance the momentum between demand & supply of foreign currencies, and also used as an intervention tool by the State Bank. Reserves also bail out the economy in times of financial crisis.

By October 2007, at the end of Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz’s tenure, Pakistan raised back its Foreign Reserves to a handsome $16.4 billion. His exceptional policies kept our trade deficit controlled at $13 billion, exports boomed to $18 billion, revenue generation increased to become $13 billion and attracted foreign investment of $8.4 billion.

Pakistan recently has seen a drastic drop in its Reserves by 50% and its currency devalued by 40%, which has left ordinary people confused and the usual cynics have started heaping the blame onto the policies of Mr. Shaukat Aziz, without even knowing the basic macro-economic indicators nor understanding the relationship b/w Foreign reserves, Trade deficit and Currency devaluation.

The Trade deficit (Exports minus Imports) is always managed in ratio to Revenue generation, Capital inflows and Reserves. Almost all developing economies face the dread of trade deficit but their abundant foreign reserves gives them the fiscal space to overcome those grievances.


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Filed under Investment, Pakistan Economy, Shaukat Aziz

The Pak Economy: Bigger than We Think

25 June 2004

The Finance Ministry of Pakistan came out with the Annual Economic Survey last week, and it offered both a huge surprise, and an explanation for an economic mystery that had developed over the last seven years. The mystery was how did India’s economy, measured on a per person (commonly called per capita) basis, become so much larger than Pakistan’s?

After the first 45 years of growth, Pakistan had enjoyed a faster rate of growth resulting in a higher per capita GDP (gross domestic product) than India. Since 1991, India has grown faster than Pakistan, but it started from far behind. However, about 1998, India’s statistics surged past Pakistan, and widened their lead through the next several years. By 2003, India had a GDP per capita of 500 dollars, while Pakistan, depending on the source, was about 450. Measured using an alternative technique that takes into account the lower costs of services and labor in poor countries (i.e. a haircut in Pakistan does not cost 15 dollars) to more accurately reflect purchasing power, India was listed as being way ahead at 2800 dollars versus only 1900 for Pakistan.

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Filed under Indian Economy, Pakistan Economy